The medals on this bar in order of
seniority from left to right are-
Prussian 1914 Iron Cross, second class
1914-18 Honour Cross for combatants
Baden Order of the
Lion, second class
Ottoman Liyakat Medal with the medal missing
Ottoman War Medal with Suez Campaign clasp
Georgian Order of St Tamara
The original owner of this medal bar was a
veteran of the First World War where he served alongside the Ottoman
army and also in the German Caucasian Expedition to Georgia in 1918.
The bar dates from after 1934 when the
Honour Cross was instituted. The Zähringer Lion hints that the owner
may have been from the Grand Duchy of Baden (although no Baden units
served on the Ottoman fronts or in Georgia so he may have been on
secondment to another unit there). According to the 1935 regulations
the Zähringer Lion should be worn ahead of the Honour Cross.
The Ottoman Liyakat is missing its
silver or gold medal and clasp. Against regulations, the Turkish War
Medal has its breast star worn on the bar. The medal's clasp reads "Kanal"
for the Suez Campaign. The German Pascha I Expedition fought in this
action and the original owner of this bar may well have been part of
The Georgian Order of St Tamara was a
rare medal, with only two or three thousand ever being awarded,
almost all to members of the German Caucasian Expedition who
occupied the Georgian capital of Tiflis and protected the new
Georgian Republic from Bolshevik and Ottoman threats. The medal was
always worn as a breast star rather than on the bar, hence this
Tamara ribbon having no medal.